Yunus Emre was born in 1238 AD. He was the son of Ismail Efendi. Both the historians and the scholars are agreed that he was born in Sarkarya Valley. So, Sarikoy which is called now Yunus Emre village in Eskisehir is the place where he was born. He was a legendary poet who brought reforms in Anatolian Culture. In Turkish, Yunus means Dolphin and it is also called as Janos in English. His poetry is written in the earlier stage of the Modern Turkish language, the Old Anatolian. Ahmad Yasawi, Sultan Walad and then Yunus Emre are those poets who wrote in their own spoken Turkish language instead of other languages.
The Seljuk’s Empire which was established in the 11th century in Khorasan now had expanded till Anatolia. Byzantines who were ruling over Anatolia, prepared an army to safeguard its borders from the Seljuk’s attack. But these armies were defeated by the Seljuk Turks and they succeeded in conquering Anatolia. After this victory, Seljuks Empire buckled and the Seljuks Turks formed their own Anatolian state. The crusades were still continued. The Seljuks Turks were weakened as consequences of the war.
This period of utmost unrest and turmoil and all the difficulties which Anatolian people had to suffer formed a memorable character and inner world of Yunus Emre. By using his poetry and ideas, he struggled for unity and peace in Anatolia throughout his life. For this purpose, he also migrated towards other local areas to convey them the importance of peace and unity. He wanted to create awareness about all his ideas. He wrote poetry which is mainly concentrated on divine love and human destiny.
In 1243 CE, after the defeat of the Roman Empire in the Battle of Kose Dag, there started the invasions of Mongols in Anatolia. Islamic literature started flourishing in Anatolia. All this made Yunus Emre the most famous poet of his age. The fact was that they started getting his ideas and appreciating him well. He was such a true friend who never separated himself from the griefs, sorrows, and difficulties the Anatolian people had to face. Also, he was the only one who wrote rhymes in their native language. He conveyed the most puzzling, intense and difficult facts to the Anatolian people in such a way that they started understanding easily.
In 1320 CE, the famous celebrity and a heart full of love for his nation died in Anatolia. His tomb is located in District Kirisci near to the Yunus Emre Mosque in Karaman Province. There are four graves in this tomb which are of Yunus Emre, his son, a daughter, and his father.