Real History of Oghuz Khan in kurulus Osman & Dirilis Ertugrul | History of Oghuz Turks and Kayi Tribe
As we are aware of the fact that almost the whole world’s population was drowned in the flood which came during the period of Noah (AS) (Toofan-e-Noah). Only a few people could survive from this flood from which ALLAH Almighty created the world again. If we study history, we come to know that about 90 % population today belongs to the Prophet Noah (AS). There were four sons of the Holy Prophet Noah (AS) named Ham, Sam (Shem), Yafes (Japheth), and Kina’an. The fourth son Kina’an drowned in the flood because of cheating with his father. The other three sons succeeded in coming in the boat of the Holy Prophet Noah (AS). These three sons became the reason for the spread of humanity. These three sons were considered as the forefathers of the population of three continents as Yafes/Europe, Shem/Asia, and Ham/Africa. They are also represented in three different classes of medieval society as the priests (Shem), the warriors (Yafes), and the peasants (Ham).
In this article, I am going to tell you the true history of Oghuz Khan (Oghuz Han or Oghuz Khagan) whose name is being repeated a lot in Turkish historical series like Dirilis Ertugrul and Kurulus Osman. The first amazing fact is that the period of Oghuz Khan travels back even before the birth of Christ, the Holy Prophet Isaiah (AS). And the other thing is that the Turks used to call their ruler, king, or a leader as Haan instead of Khan and similarly for their women, Hatun. Oghuz Khan is considered the forefather of Turks. By exploring the history, I come to know that Oghuz Khan belongs to Yafes Ibn Noah. After surviving from the flood, Yafes moved to the East-Western part of the world. According to the Bible, he is ascribed seven sons having names Gomer, Magog, Tiras, Javan, Meshech, Tubal, and Madai. But in Islamic tradition Yafes Ibn Noah is regarded as the ancestor of the Turks, Khazars, Gog and Magog tribes, and Slavs. It also shows that almost 36 languages traced back to Yafes. Yafes Ibn Noah appointed his eldest son Turk as his successor.
According to historians Rashid al-Din and Abu al-Ghazi, a person named Ananja Khan belonged to the 5th generation of Oghuz Khan. Ananja Khan was having twin children named Tatar (Barbarians) and Mongols. Both of them divided the empire of their forefather Turk, in two parts. So the tribes Barbarians (Tatar) and Mongols came into being after these two grandsons of Turk. These two tribes occupied the areas where today Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan is located. The historian Abu al-Ghazi wrote that there were four sons of Mongol Khan named Kur Khan, Ur Khan, Qir Khan, and Qara Khan. Gradually, they started moving away from the Oneness of ALLAH. Almost all the Turks were pushed away from Islam till Qara Khan. At that time, a child was born to Qara Khan who was given the name of Oghuz Khan. Abu al-Ghazi writes that Oghuz Khan was born to the principal wife of his heathen father Qara Khan, but refused to drink his mother’s milk saying he would not drink her milk unless she became a Muslim. She complied with her son’s wishes, but only in secret as Qara Khan was one of the greatest enemies of Islam.
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This is the reason Turks call the mother of Oghuz Khan as their Grandmother. It is said that Oghuz Khan drank his mother’s milk only for one day. He even started talking on the very first day. He wished for drinking the milk of a Mare (Female Horse) and eating meat. He started walking on his feet after 40 days only. When he grew older, he married the elder daughter of his uncle Kur Khan. His second marriage was arranged with the daughter of his uncle Qir Khan. But he left both of them as they refused to embrace Islam. His third marriage was arranged with the daughter his third uncle Ur Khan who proved herself faithful to him. Upon asking her about embracing Islam, she replied that on whatever path you might be, I will also be on that path. When the whole tribe came to know about them, Qara Khan reached in their tent to execute them. But Oghuz Khan succeeded in executing his father in this fight. This was the first fight of Oghuz Khan for Islam.
Oghuz Khan and his third wife gave birth to three sons named Ganeez Khan (Sun), I Khan (Moon), and Yildiz Khan (Star). Oghuz Khan also married the fourth time but no information is available about it. Oghuz Khan and his fourth wife also gave birth to three sons named Gok Khan (Sky), Daigh Khan (Mountain), and Deniz Khan (Ocean). Oghuz Khan hadn’t compiled his host yet. But when he executed a big Azhdaha (snake) who used to eat the people of his tribe, he received this opportunity also. He called upon a meeting of all the emirs of the tribe. He said that we should compile an army to defeat our enemy for which each emir had to give his one son to him. In this way, Oghuz Khan compiled the first Turkish host consisting of 40 warriors. Following this, he started getting more famous and powerful in all the Turks tribes.
On the birth of his sixth son, he invited all the Turks tribes on a feast. In that ceremony, he announced that I have become your Khan, let’s all take swords and shields, the whole earth is our battlefield, the forest, oceans, and seas are our places for hunting. Sun is our flag and the Sky is our tent. After this announcement, he sent his messengers in every corner of the world. Who accepted his Khagan became his companion and the rebellious had to face him in the battlefield. He sent his army towards Turkmenistan, the Indian Sub-continent, Persia (Iran), Egypt, Iraq, and Syria and received the title of Khan for all these areas. Oghuz Khan was the follower of Islam but he used the word “Tengri” while addressing a sermon which means the Lord of the Sky. It is not yet clear what was meant using this word, either Oghuz Khan believed the existence of many lords (gods) like Mongols or he used this word only for respect.
At the time of his death, he called all his sons and told them that I looked upon the mandate of my Lord (ALLAH) and now this empire would be in your hands. His sons moved to their areas as prescribed by their father. All the sons of Oghuz Khan were having their four sons by which a new tribe came into being counting about 20-24 tribes of Oghuz Turks. Out of these tribes, a tribe named Göktürks was named after his son Gök Khan who occupied China. Over time, these tribes started separating and getting away from Islam because of which the great empire of Oghuz Khan was divided into several parts. Out of these Göktürks, a person named Bumin (Chinese call him Tumen) established a great empire again in 6th century CE which demised in 8th century CE. Bumin had a brother named Istami (Chinese call him Shetiemi). But Allama Abu Jafar Muhammad had written his name “Sanjeho Khaqan” in his book Tareekh-e-Tabri. He established his independent state in the western areas. But over time, their empires also collapsed.
According to historian Rashid al-Din, Turks were again attracted towards Islam during the sacred period of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). When an Oghuz’s Emir Inal Syr Yavkuy Khan sent Dede Korkut as a messenger to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم), he embraced Islam after getting impressed by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). He also preached Islam after coming back to his tribe. But at that time, only a few Turks embraced Islam. At the start of the 13th century CE, the Khwarazmian King had already occupied Iran, Khorasan, Syria, and Iraq. They intended to conquer all the states of the Asian continent too. But these intentions were ruled over by the cold-blooded host of Cengiz Han. After the demise of this empire, the Turks tribe migrated towards the South. Some of them moved to Iran and Syria and remaining towards Anatolia where they met with Seljuks. Out of the tribes which took refuge under the Seljuk Empire, there was a tribe named “Kayi” whose leader was Suleyman Shah. Ertugurl was the son of Suleyman Shah and then Osman Ghazi, the son of Ertugrul Ghazi, established the Ottoman Empire.