Real History of Geyhatu Han (Gayhatu Khan) in Kurulus Osman Season
Kurulus Osman Season which is on air on ATV Channel with each successive episode on Wednesday at 20:00 in Turkish while describing how the Ottoman Empire was established under the command of Osman Ghazi that ruled the whole world for almost six centuries, has attracted the audience’s attention soon. In Kurulus Osman, a character named Geyhatu Han has gained much importance. After knowing his name in Kurulus Osman Season, people started searching about this important character in history.
So, I have gathered some information about Geyhatu Han like who was Geyhatu Han? What is the period of Geyhatu Han’s reign in the Mongol Empire? What was his relation to Cengiz Han? When Geyhatu Han died? So, here is curious information.
Who was Geyhatu Han | History of Geyhatu Khan in Kurulus Osman
Who was Geyhatu Han?
Geyhatu Han was the 5th ruler of the İlhanlı Dynasty (founded in 1256 in Azerbaijan by Hulagu Han) in Iran from 1291 to 1295 CE. The word “Geyhatu” is derived from the Mongolian word “Gaikhakh” which means “to get surprised”. He was the son of Abaka Han who was the grandson of Cengiz Han, the founder of the Ilkhanid Empire. Abaka Han was the son of Hulagu Han. Geyhatu Han was the Mongolian administrative who successfully achieved the position of the king in 1291 CE.
In 1284 CE, when his brother Argun Han became the successor of Abaka Han, he appointed him as the Head Governor of the administration in Anatolia under the Mongols. After coming to Aksaray in 1286 CE, he compelled the principalities to pay a heavy tax. In 1288 CE, he crushed the rebellion of Larende and Karaman against the Seljuks Anatolia. When he was staying in Antalya, he received the news of the Argun Han’s death. After knowing about Argun Han’s death, he announced himself as his successor while he was in Ahlat and coming to Azerbaijan. After receiving the news of Turkmen’s rebellion in Anatolia, he headed towards there and attack them. He appointed Şiktur Noyan as the governor of Anatolia. After successfully overcoming the rebellion, he moved to Konya and then reached Azerbaijan. On 29th May 1292 CE, Geyhatu Han came to the throne in Aladağ.
During his reign, the conflict between the İlhanlı Dynasty and the Mamluk Dynasty continued. Consequently, Egyptian Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil was threatened by Geyhatu to allow him to live in Aleppo in 1292 CE. But Al-Ashraf Khalil replied while threatening to conquer back Baghdad. But both of them didn’t indulge in open war. The reason was the deteriorated financial condition of the country because of the epidemic diseases and İlhanlı-Mamluk wars during the Argun Han’s period which continued to grow adversely during the reign of Geyhatu Han.
In 1294 CE, Geyhatu Han banned the trade in silver or gold coins and introduced Jiaochao (paper money) which was the suggestion of his Vizier Ahmed al-Khalidi. Geyhatu Han called the ambassador of Kublai Khan to Tabriz. Ambassador Bolad told him about how the whole system works and then he agreed to the printing of the banknotes. He also kept in view the local sentiment and put the Muslim confession of faith on the Note. But it wasn’t just like that, the actual mission was to control the treasury and use only paper money. But it failed as the merchants and the traders refused to take these notes. Geyhatu Han had to withdraw the use of paper money because of the market riots.
This shows that he was having a tolerant behavior towards Muslims. Unlike Argun Han, he was respectful to Sheikhs and Scholars. Economic deterioration urged the Mongolian leaders to rebel against him while supporting his cousin Baydu. In rebellion against Geyhatu Han, he fled to Mugan on 21st March 1295 CE during a war in Hamedan. But he was captured in a short time and assassinated on 24th March 1295 CE. Geyhatu Han was having eight consorts from whom three sons and four daughters were born.