Real History of Emir Al-Aziz of Aleppo in Dirilis Ertugrul Season
Dirilis Ertugrul Season, which was on air on TRT Channel in Turkish while describing how the leader of the Kayi Tribe, Ertugrul Ghazi made it possible for the Ottoman Empire to be established under the command of Osman Ghazi that ruled the whole world for almost six centuries, has attracted the audience’s attention. In Dirilis Ertugrul Season, an actor named Mehmet Emin Inci joined the series while portraying an important character Emir Al-Aziz in history.
After watching Emir Al-Aziz in Dirilis Ertugrul Season, people started searching about this important character in history. So, I have gathered some information about Emir Al-Aziz like who was Emir Al-Aziz? What was the role of Emir Al-Aziz in the establishment of the Ottoman Empire? What was the relation of Emir Al-Aziz to the Kayi Tribe? When Emir Al-Aziz died? Where Emir Al-Aziz’s tomb is located? So, here is curious information.
Who was Emir Al-Aziz of Aleppo
Al-Aziz was the Emir of Aleppo (the most populous Syrian state), an Ayyubid and the son of Az-Zahir Ghazi. Al-Aziz was also the grandson of Sultan Salah ad-Din Ayyubi (Saladin) who was the founder of the Ayyubid Dynasty. His full name was Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi. Dayfa Khatun was the mother of Al-Aziz of Aleppo, who was the daughter of Al-Adil Sayf ad-Din (Saladin’s brother).
Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi was born in 1213 CE in Aleppo. In 1216 CE, Az-Zahir Ghazi died at the age of 45 when Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi was just 3 years old. Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi inherited the position of his father as the next ruler of Aleppo immediately. As he was a child yet, a regency council appointed Shihab ad-Din Toghril as his guardian or Atabeg. Shihab ad-Din Toghril was his uncle and remained an effective ruler of Aleppo for the next 15 years. Gökhan Atalay was portraying Shihab ad-Din Toghril in Dirilis Ertugrul Season.
As I earlier mentioned he was yet a child, he wasn’t able to take the actual control of Aleppo as a ruler until he was 17 when he retained the position of his uncle as his treasurer. Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi, instead of indulging in inner rebellions, concentrated on strengthening Aleppo and worked for its defense and infrastructure. Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi not only completed the major projects started by his father Az-Zahir Ghazi but also founded some new ones. Among those projects were re-fortification of the citadel, the palace building, the arsenal, the water cisterns and a mosque. R (Tabbaa, Yasser, Constructions of Power and Piety in Medieval Aleppo, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997).
In 1232 CE, Sultan Al-Kamil of Egypt, while making an alliance of Ayyubid confederation, attacked Diyar Bakr. But Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi contributed no troops from the Aleppo side. R (Humphreys, R. S. From Saladin to the Mongols: The Ayyubids of Damascus 1193-1260, SUNY Press 1977 p.222). But he contributed another army led by Al-Kamil when he invaded Malatya, Anatolia in 1234 CE. Al-Aziz Muhammad ibn Ghazi himself not went out for a campaign.
Emir Al-Aziz of Aleppo died on 26 November 1236 CE when he was aged 23. At that time, Al-Aziz’s eldest son, An-Nasir Yusuf was just 7 years old. He became his successor but Al-Aziz’s mother Dayfa Khatun assumed the regency. Emir Al-Aziz has been reported to marry Fatima Khatun, the daughter of Al-Kamil. There isn’t much information available about his family but his daughter Ghaziya Khatun has been reported to marry Kaykhusraw II, the Seljuq Sultan of Rum. (Tabbaa, Yasser, Constructions of Power and Piety in Medieval Aleppo, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997, p.136). And ALLAH Almighty knows the Best.